Saturday, May 23, 2020
The link between what we eat and our health is evident and unavoidable. What we consume helps form and sustain us, both inside and out. Sustainable agriculture is the production and harvesting of foods (both animal and plant) that use farming techniques and updated forms of production techniques that help conserve our health, ecosystems, and communities. With some of these techniques Ã¢â¬Å"including organic, free-range, low-input, holistic, and biodynamicÃ¢â¬ practices (National Geographic). Sustainable agriculture contributes to many beneficial and important topics in our world today such as helping to preserve and enhance the environment, defending against animal abuse/mistreatment, protecting the public/communities, and, in the end, contributing to increased health. Sustainable agriculture contributes to preserving and enhancing our environments for those who practice it today because the growers do not use any synthetic or harmful materials on the land. That is, no mixing of toxic substances such as pesticides and unnatural fertilizers, even genetically modified seeds. Farmers take part in crop rotations so that their land is not Ã¢â¬Å"sucked dryÃ¢â¬ of all the precious nutrients in the soil that the plants need to grow. Since they take part in crop rotation/preservation and do not expose their land to chemicals, the soil will not become degraded and useless, their water supplies (and the water sources around them) will not become tainted and even poisonous to others, like toShow MoreRelatedSaturated Fats : Causes And Effects1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshigher fat milk, cheeses and yogurts. It is also found in some vegetable oils like coconut and palm kernel oil. These oils are commonly used in fast foods and processed foods. There are different kinds of saturated fats. Some saturated fats impact our bodies more negatively than others. Because foods naturally contain a mixture of different saturated fats, it is hard to choose foods based on one par ticular type of saturated fat. Therefore, past researched has recommended to limit all saturated fatRead More The Changing Culture of Food and Society Essay1557 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn the words Michael Pollan (2008), he argues that Ã¢â¬Å"We forget that, historically people have eaten for a great many reasons other than biological necessity. Food is [therefore] about pleasure, community, family and spirituality, our relationship to the natural world, and about expressing our identityÃ¢â¬ (p. 8); and plays an important role on why we form a relationship with food. I can relate with PollanÃ¢â¬â¢s ideology on the basis of my own cultural experience within the Black communities, and how lifeRead MoreHigh Fructose Corn Syrup780 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHigh Fructose Corn Syrup: Friend or Enemy We eat every day, rarely thinking about whatÃ¢â¬â¢s going into our bodies. Take soda, for example, when was the last time you read the label before taking a sip? For me, it is never. One of the first ingredients listed on the can is HFCS or high fructose corn syrup. This ingredient is a secret additive to many products in todays market. High Fructose Corn Syrup is one of the cheapest to make and hardest to get rid of in the body. Since its introductionRead MoreThe Yogurt Bar Business: An Executive Summary808 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Executive Summary In the contemporary world, one of the most visible issues facing most of the developed nations is the link between diet and health. Medical doctors, scholars, researchers are all in agreement that there is a complete link between what we eat and drink, and the consequences to our overall health. One need only look in the newspaper, magazines, grocery store aisles, or pop-up ads to see thousands of ads for diet pills, diet aids, etc. one need only look at the increasing demographicRead MoreThe Epidemic Of Obesity And Diabetes Essay1432 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestually zero.Ã¢â¬â¢ ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s a reasonable estimate of the probability that public health authorities in the foreseeable future will successfully curb the worldwide epidemics of obesity and diabetes, at least according to Margaret Chan, the director general of the World Health Organization (WHO) Ã¢â¬â a person who should know. Virtually zero is the likelihood, Chan said at the National Academy of MedicineÃ¢â¬â¢s annual m eeting in October, that she and her many colleagues worldwide will successfully prevent Ã¢â¬Ëa badRead MoreThe Importance of Exercise and Eating Healthy Essay900 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshelps people who have unwanted weight to lose it. (mayoclinic.com) When we eat, we are taking in calories, and then when we exercise we burn off those calories taken in before. This helps us control the amount of calories by burning them off, otherwise our body would have stored them away as fat. (fitday.com) Another thing exercise does to help your body is combats health conditions and diseases. Exercising, no matter what your current weight is, makes the HDL or High- Density Lipoprotein, whichRead MoreObesity And Health Issues Caused By Obesity Essay899 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesa body mass index (BMI) of greater than 25 and obesity as a BMI greater than 30. Being overweight is more than just a cosmetic problem, it is a chronic condition that leads to many health issues. Health issues caused by obesity have a huge effect on the cost of healthcare. In 2008, the cost of obesity related health care was $147 billion dollars. An obese person will spend almost $1,500 more a year on healthcare than a person of a healthy weight (CDC.gov, 2015). More than 35% of AmericanRead MoreNutrient Density And Nutrient Nutrients1338 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescalories they contain. Nutrient density is a simple way to link food with calories. 2- Why are nutrient dense foods important? Because it gives you concentrated amount of valuable nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, fiber and essential fatty acids and phytonutrients, to name a few. 3- Name one practical tip that ensures you are eating nutrient dense foods. Organic food 4- Task- list 10 nutrient dense foods you consumed last week or plan to eat this week. 1-Spinch 2- Carrots 3- Broccoli 4- RedRead MoreEssay on You Are What You Eat884 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages You Are What You Eat It is indeed true that the quality of food that you take in will do a great deal to determine the quality of life that goes on in each cell of your body. Food has a huge effect on your health, and a diet rich in any one aspect would be an unhealthy diet, in the same way that a diet lacking in a certain nutrient would also affect your health. A balanced diet consists of carbohydrates, fats, protein, vitamins, minerals and water. Carbohydrate providesRead MoreEquity Theory and Childhood Obesity1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPart 1 Humans tend to be social and group animals. Some anthropologists even believe that it is cohesive nature of being group animals that contributed to the eventual civilization of humanity. Because we are group animals by nature, it is typical for us to compare ourselves with others. Equity theory is a theory that helps us understand satisfaction in terms of fair or unfair distribution of resources within groups or interpersonal relationships. These resources may be monetary, emotional, intellectual
Monday, May 18, 2020
Ebenezer Howard designed a basic plan of his ideal community, called the Garden City between 1889 and 1892. The main idea of his ideal city was a centralised urban centre housing approximately 30,000 inhabitants with a Ã¢â¬Å"green beltÃ¢â¬ or rural area consisting of farms and parks surrounding it. Instead of envisaging a massive town centre with dense and crowded living, Howard perceived that the major cities of the time would shrink as people spread out and moved away from them. Therefore the urban population would spread out among growing numbers of garden cities, each small in scale, and with a diverse range of functions, so that the individual, or working class is not drowned out by those of greater power and wealth. Howard believed that just as a machine can be improved, so can a society. A properly functioning society takes on those same attributes as the machine such as a precise and well calculated appearance, which, along with HowardÃ¢â¬â¢s idea of cooperation explain s the circular geometry and symmetry seen in the plans of the Garden City (garden city p41). A major part of his city plan was that every building would be Ã¢â¬Å"so placed to secure maximum utility and convenienceÃ¢â¬ (garden city p41). He believed that this had not been possible in the past due to a number of narrow, selfish decisions. With the removal of these selfish decisions and an active common interest, a uniform and comprehensive plan could be created. The symmetry of the Garden City would therefore represent andShow MoreRelatedThe Garden City By Ebenezer Howard1813 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesutopian was the Garden City Movement. The Garden City Concept was created by Ebenezer Howard in 1898. The ideas of it are outlined in HowardÃ¢â¬â¢s book: Garden Cities of To-morrow. It is utopian in both how it was conceived and the general concept. Its focus on collaboration, social change, and pragmatism rather than on rebellious escapism made it a revolutionary idea that still contin ues to influence city planning to this day. To better understand the reasoning behind HowardÃ¢â¬â¢s garden city concept, itRead MoreEssay about Ebenezer Howard and The Garden City Movement743 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Ebenezer Howard and The Garden City Movement Many would say that Ebenezer Howard (1850-1928) is the most important figure in the whole history of town-planning. He was born in London, but grew up in small English towns like Sudbury and Ipswich. At 21 he emigrated to America and tried to farm in Nebraska, but this was a failure. From 1872 Ã¢â¬â 1876 he was in Chicago, where he became a shorthand writer. Chicago suffered a great fire in 1871, after which there was muchRead MoreHowards Utopia Essay1471 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe notion of Ã¢â¬Å"Garden CityÃ¢â¬ , famously explored by Ebenezer Howard was a solution intended to bring together the economic and cultural advantages of both city and country living. He sees it as an alternative to the congested urban areas in England. Canberra Ã¢â¬âthe capital city of Australia differs from the garden city proper, a city that is perhaps not what Howard wished garden city to be. Nonetheless Canberra is a city that incorporates many of the garden city principles and in this essay I will argueRead MoreGarden City And Garden City1344 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof population, increasing urbanization and industrialization, cities had been overcrowded and the environment was being destroyed as well. Furthermore, more and more people moved to the urban cities from rural area for having more job opportunities. Consequently, cities were over centralizing. It is contributed to the slums in city which is the ca use of disease breaking out. It leads to the decrease of humanÃ¢â¬â¢s life quality in urban cities. Moudon (1997) points out that control by the private sectorRead More Walt Disney and Jet-Age City Planning Essay1025 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWalt Disney and Jet-Age City Planning Image borrowed from Waltopia. When is a planned community too planned? Some of the exhibits displayed at the 1939 Worlds Fair such as Democracity and Futurama influenced many American community planners. The Levittown and Greenbelt projects followed the same guidelines of community that the 1939 Worlds Fair introduced. These are two of the more well known Garden City projects that took many families away from big cities and brought them to the peaceRead MoreDr. Howard, Le Corbusier, And Frank Lloyd Wright Essay1824 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesImagine a city where no green space can be found. Where concrete and steel buildings rise up and block the sun. Where streets are chaotic and gridlocked and citizens are stuffed in cramped, dirty and unsanitary apartments. This was the world of 19th-century cities where human health and happiness were disregarded for economic gain. These horrid conditions shaped the lives and ideas of three very influential men: Ebenezer Howard, Le Corbusier, and Fr ank Lloyd Wright. They took their own experiencesRead MoreEvolution Of The Garden City Movement1777 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesTHE EVOLUTION OF THE GARDEN CITY MOVEMENT AND ITS HISTORICAL INFLUENCE INTRODUCTION The garden city movement, a method of urban planning that was initiated in 1898 by Sir Ebenezer Howard, had a significant influence on urban planning. The theory of urban planning has envolved over the past hundred years, some have attempted to emulate theories from the garden city movement, while others have been revised based on HowardÃ¢â¬â¢s original ideas. The Garden City concept spawned many ideas of urban planningRead MoreTaking a Look at Garden Cities1876 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Garden cities, whether the appropriate concept in sustainable urban planning? Introduction It is widely acknowledged that Ebenezer HowardÃ¢â¬â¢s Garden City stimulated many significant urban design achievements in worldwide. Whether the theory is still suitable for sustainable urban planning in twenty-one century has been widely discussed. Some approvers argue that Howard provided the idea of self-sufficiency and limited growths still remain. However, the theory has been denounced because it is tooRead MoreThe City Beautiful Movement : The Urban Planning Practices And Concepts Employed Today And The Foreseeable Future1322 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesQuestion 1: In the first half of the 20th century urban planning was greatly influenced by the visionary and utopian ideas coming out of the City Beautiful movement. The City Beautiful movement played a major role in forming the backbone of city planning practices and concepts employed today and the foreseeable future. The term Ã¢â¬Å"City BeautifulÃ¢â¬ was first coined by artists in New York, referring to the urban environment they were surrounded with. One of the first ones to use the term was an artistRead MoreSustainable Architecture: Meeting the Needs of this Generation while Preserving the Needs of Future Generations1321 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesenvironment as well as to allow comfortable spaces for humans to carry on their daily duties. For many years architectural standards did not take into consideration the effects construction had on the environment, and emerging cities kept polluting and damaging the environment. The giant cities in the world had not taken into consideration all the damage they were causing by creating structures that were not Ã¢â¬Å"environmentally friendlyÃ¢â¬ . Wastes were not being handled properly, inefficient airway systems created
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
History is sated with some of our forefathersÃ¢â¬â¢ dreams and aspirations. Many of whom are now considered great leaders. Several of these dreams were realized either while these great leaders were alive or after they died. It should be borne in mind that these aspirations were materialized because of firm beliefs and philosophies which were indoctrinated into the minds and crafted on the brains of their followers. Ã¢â¬Å"I have a dreamÃ¢â¬ as laid down in the profound speech of Martin Luther King Jr. in August 1963; GhandiÃ¢â¬â¢s belief of a changed Indian society; Nelson MandelaÃ¢â¬â¢s firm belief in freedom, to name a few, were realized decades after. However, undoubtedly these beliefs Ã¢â¬Ëdictated actionsÃ¢â¬â¢, Bennett (2009). Though not a great philosopher orÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦One outstanding trait is self- confidence. The description offered by Lunenburg and Ornstein (2012) suggests that a leader with self-confidence has a Ã¢â¬Å"belief in his or he r own leadership skills and ability to achieve goalsÃ¢â¬ . Further, should followers be convinced that their leaders have a peeked level of confidence in their leadership? And should this level of confidence be transmittable for achieving goals? Similarly, the synergistic leadership theory also speaks to factors influencing oneÃ¢â¬â¢s effective leadership. Among them is factor 1 which highlights the beliefs, attitudes and values of a leader (Lunenburg and Ornstein, 2012). Essentially, oneÃ¢â¬â¢s outlook on leadership impacts the results that are achieved. In an attempt to understand these theories and the impact they have on effective leadership, it can be said that oneÃ¢â¬â¢s philosophical views or beliefs have a profound influence on the outcome of a leader. A leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s belief or philosophical views can either negatively or positively affect a desired outcome. That is, the leader may be considered effective or ineffective based on what drives their actions. Perso nal beliefs and Philosophies In a recollection of my childhood experiences my parents often remind me of my passion for assisting others and my tenacity for collaboratively working with my siblings to accomplish tasks assigned. They once mentioned myShow MoreRelatedMohandas Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, and Martin Luther King Jr. were True Inspirations608 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesA man known as the Ã¢â¬Å"father of the Indian nationÃ¢â¬ , Mohandas Gandhi, also known as Mahatma, was a man of true inspiration. He inspired well known civil-rights leaders Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela, and also revolutionary scientist Einstein. Gandhi was well known for using peaceful methods such as peace marches, boycotts, and sit-ins. Most people could call Gandhi the father of peace, for it was he who help the world recognize the effectiveness of non-violence. GandhiÃ¢â¬â¢s peaceful ideals helpRead MoreComparing Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela1041 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthat are comparable in both the lives of Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela. I. Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela performed similar actions in their lives. A. In 1955, Martin Luther King, Jr., fought for the civil rights of the black population in America. B. Similarly, in South Africa, Nelson Mandela fought for the freedom of blacks from apartheid. II. Another similarity between King and Mandela is that they had the same beliefs. A. King firmly supported his nonviolence protestRead MoreGke 1 Task 21300 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNelson Mandela was known as a world leader for his role in fighting apartheid and being the first multi-racial president of South Africa. His presidency created a significant change in the perception and building of a multiracial society in South Africa and around the world. Nelson Mandela was also known to be a leader of a civil rights organization known as the African National Congress. The purpose of the African National Congress was to demolish racial segregation and discrimination. The two mostRead MorePeople Who Changed THE World1142 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesUniversity People Who Changed the World Nelson Mandela was one of the greatest social and political peacemakers that ever lived. His accomplishments were world changing. Mandela was not always able to pursue his democratic dreams nonviolently but that was his desire. Unfortunately, the South African Government felt it necessary to punish nonviolent protestors to discourage their cause (Book, 2009). As a leader in the African National Congress, (ANC), Mandela had to stay strong to be a contender inRead MoreLeaders for Social and Political Change1007 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswell as personal and political struggles. From the many injustices our predecessors have overcome, leaders have emerged. Individuals who will forever be revered by millions and will hopefully continue to inspire our youth. Nelson Mandela and Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. are two leaders that have greatly impacted not only their country, but the world. Both of these leaders had a significant impact on the people of their cause, both in a political aspec t as well as for social change. In 1948Read MoreDr. Martin Luther King Jr. Essay1134 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshuman rights race relationships and power. In this paper, I will focus on the themes of racism, human rights, and power and how history makers such as Martin Luther King Jr., Nelson Mandela, and Mahatma Gandhi (just to name these few) helped to redress them to an extent and how theirs efforts shape contemporary events. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was born on 15 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia and is one of the most remembered Human Rights Activists in America history. He is remembered for his nonviolentRead MoreA Comparison of Dr. Kings I Have a Dream Speech and Mandelas Glory and Hope Speech1347 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesI Have a Dream and Glory and Hope were two speeches given, respectively, by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Nelson Mandela at times of great need; at times when ignorance and racially-based hubris intertwined themselves in the sparse gaps of human understanding. At first glance, the facets of humanity and blanket tranquillity seem to be in natural accord. Philosophers have struggled with the reason behind the absolute absence of peace as everybody, by definitions both classical and modern, longsRead MoreThe Bravery of Nelson Mandela1431 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageslife is free or arrives without trying. In alignment to be brave, a person should have courageous, persistent, and honest Nelson Mandel a, the previous leader of South Africa, did not choose to take an easy walk to flexibility. Mandela is highly regarded all through the phrase for his integrity, courage, and dignity to be able to help his people in South Africa. Nelson Mandela is well renowned in his homeland as a champion for his bravery to stand for what he believed was right, and endured yearsRead MoreThe Importance Of The Civil Rights Movement1692 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessecure legal identification and federal protection of the citizenship rights of the African Americans. However, many South African activists or leaders were beyond rise to importance during the Civil Rights era, including Martin Luther King Jr., Sojourner Truth and Nelson Mandela. They all risked and lost their lives in the name of freedom and equality between human races. These significant civil rights leaders changed the route of history through their activism. Also, each of them stood up for everyoneRead MoreMahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, and Nelson Mandela1504 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, and Nelson Mandela Non-violence is a concept that people participate in social and political change without violence. It is a form of social and political change between passive acceptances and armed struggle. Non-violence way to participate in the social and political change is including nonviolent civil disobedience against, acts of civil disobedience or other powerful influence uncooperative antagonistic form; it is similar with pacifism, but it is not
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Introduction Allen versus the city of Oakland was one of the largest lawsuits filed and won against the Oakland Police Department for police misconduct. Misconduct has always been an issue with law enforcement. Starting in the early years of law enforcement there were policies set to keep officers from committing these actions. In time, the policies have been changed, reconstructed, and updated to increase effectiveness and efficiency. To get a better view on how these policies are implemented, the actions of the police officers in Allen versus the city of Oakland will be examined and the justifications for their actions will be reviewed. Not all actions can be justified though. For those types of actions with no justification, anÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This law is a practice that states officers are liable for violating constitutional rights by using the backing of the state laws while on duty (Kappeler, 2006). Exceeding rightful power is also under color of law by use of sex ual assault, excessive force, or any intentional acts that end in loss of liberty for an individual (United States Department of Justice, n.d.). The police misconduct provision is another practice that helps keep police officersÃ¢â¬â¢ actions controlled. This provision (42 U.S.C. Section 14141) declares that it is illegal for law enforcement officers to practice behavior that withholds a personÃ¢â¬â¢s rights, such as excessive force, false arrest, unlawful stops and seizures, discriminatory harassment, and coercive sexual conduct (Federal Bureau of Investigation, n.d.). Department policies have minor differences but most follow similar guidelines and policies. One of the most current policies that have become active is the policy of seeing the threat before shooting. This policy requires officers to see and know what they are shooting at before shooting at the target (Stanley, 2013). The see before shooting policy holds officers liable for excessive force even if the officer res ponds to a shooting and fires without seeing the actual threat (Stanley, 2013). A policy that departments are also now following through with is a policy of independent monitoring teams. This policy allows officerShow MoreRelatedPublic Pension And Pension Reform1486 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPennie v. Reis (1899) OÃ¢â¬â¢ Dea v. Cook (1917) ruled that pensions are not a gratuity, they are based on contract law and property rights (HLRA, 1977, 994; Kilgour, 2013, 354). As a result of Dryden v. Board of Pension Commissioners of Los Angeles (1935) public pensions are an independent part of the employment contract. Kern v. City of Long Beach (1947) ruled that the city could not entirely eliminate a pension plan that existed on the date of employment, but could make changes. However, Allen v. CityRead MoreBlack Nationalism Essay2397 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesthe Civil War. This type of integration that they pursued helped them realize their full potential and created their political self-determination, which dates back to as far as the 18th century at the African Methodist Episcopal Church by Richard Allen. The question is, is how did they do it? Who stood up for them? How did African Americans overcome the epochs of oppression? In this paper I will examine the answer, Black Nationalism, its advocates and additional sources, which it was comprised ofRead MoreDetailed Assessment of a Significant Potential Terrorist WMD Attack3312 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesstudy the scenario undertaken will be one in which a dirty bomb comprised of radiological components was brought into the six leading ports in the United States handling containers. There would be enough radiological material to contaminate any large city, as well as the surrounding area for 10 square miles. This would shut down the five major ports, contaminate the area for months to come, injure, or kil l hundreds and devastate the economy of the United States for months to come. Let alone the fearRead MoreEssay on Culture of Poverty5571 Words Ã |Ã 23 Pagescauses and constitutes the subculture of poverty. Daniel Patrick Moynihan found the concept particularly applicable to his study of Black poverty in the early 1960s and linked Black poverty to the largely Ã¢â¬Å"dysfunctionalÃ¢â¬ Black family found in central cities. Valentine (1968:20) criticizes E. Franklin Frazier, who with Daniel Patrick Moynihan (1965), portrayed the culture of the negro poor as an Ã¢â¬Å"immoral chaos brought about by the disintegration of the black folk culture under the impact of urbanizationÃ¢â¬ Read MoreCoco Cola18335 Words Ã |Ã 74 Pagesfarmers who have been protesting say their problems began after the Coca-Cola factory arrived in 1999. The company has been trying to regain the plant s license, fighting a case that has gone all the way to India s Supreme Court. Near the holy city ofÃ VaranasiÃ in northeastern India, a local water official blamed a Coke plant Ã¢â¬â which has been the scene of many protests by NGOs and local residents Ã¢â¬â for polluting groundwater by releasing wastewater into surrounding land. A Coke official confirmedRead Morepreschool Essay46149 Words Ã |Ã 185 Pagesregulations, and court decisions that are referenced herein, the documents is exemplary, and compliance with it is not mandatory. (See Education Code Section 33308.5.) Contents A Message from the State Superintendent of Public Instruction v Acknowledgments vii Introduction xi Foundations in the Visual and Performing Arts 1 Foundations in Physical Development Foundations in Health Appendix: The Foundations iii A Message from the State Superintendent of Public Read MoreA Financial Perspective on Mergers and Acquisitions and the Economy19349 Words Ã |Ã 78 Pagesdiscipline of the capital markets when they acquire capital. 14 Interestingly, Graham and Dodd (1951, Chapters 32, 34 and 36) in their treatise, Security Analysis, place great importance on the dividend payout in their famous valuation formula: V=M(D+.33E). (See p. 454.) V is value, M is the earnings multiplier when the dividend payout rate is a Ã¢â¬Å"normal two-thirds of earnings,Ã¢â¬ D is the expected dividend, and E is expected earnings. In their formula, dividends are valued at three times the rate of retainedRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words Ã |Ã 760 Pagesof our daily reasoning is concerned not with arguments leading to truth-valued conclusions but with making choices, assessing reasons, seeking advice, etc. Dowden gets the balance and the emphasis right. Norman Swartz, Simon Fraser University v Acknowledgments For the 1993 edition: The following friends and colleagues deserve thanks for their help and encouragement with this project: Clifford Anderson, Hellan Roth Dowden, Louise Dowden, Robert Foreman, Richard Gould, Kenneth King, MarjorieRead MoreCase Studies67624 Words Ã |Ã 271 Pagesselection of cities, McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s followed the same strategy in India as in the rest of the world. Its initial focus on Mumbai and Delhi was driven by the following factors: they were the two largest cities in India; their citizens enjoyed relatively high income levels compared to the rest of the country; and they were exposed to foreign food and culture. After establishing a presence in the leading cities, McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s then moved to smaller satellite towns near the metropolitan cities (for example,Read MoreProject Managment Case Studies214937 Words Ã |Ã 860 PagesPhoenix~Tempe, AZ BFGoodrich Dowly Aerospace Eldec E-Systems, Montek Division Honeywell Rockwell, Collins Division Suudstrand Corporation Teijin Seiki America United Technologies, Hamilton Standard Division Troy, OH Los Angeles, CA Lynnwood, WA Salt Lake City, UT Phoenix, AZ Coon Rapid, MN Cedar Rapids, IA Ro ckford, IL Redmond, WA Windsor Lock, CT Rudder Wing outboard flaps, radome Dorsal fin, wingtip assembly Elevators Flap support fairings, wingtip assembly Main and nose lauding gears Fuselage panels
Introduction: Changes have been described as essential functions to human life in the society. Changes are inevitable as man and the society continue to exist. Technology and inventions are spearheaded by man and interact with the society to bring about the necessary social changes. We will write a custom essay sample on Technology and Its Impacts on Society or any similar topic only for you Order Now Each year, various technological inventions that are embraced which leads to their steadily increasing impacts on the social aspects within the society. Technology advancement therefore has become essential in shaping the society as it has traversed virtually all aspects of human life. Technological innovations are responsible for the new social themes being experienced within the modern society. It is therefore important to note that new technologies will impact on the choices we make, how we lead our lives, and on how we interact with others. The internet and the mass media in particular have led to far reaching implications especially in matters to do with inter-personal communication and the general sociological aspect within the society. This paper shall focus on how technological advances have impacted on the society and interpersonal communication. The Internet and Mass media: In the recent past, the use of the internet has drastically increased. Studies have shown that in the case of the United States, which is the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s leading nation in internet use, the internet use had risen from 66% to 73% in 2006. In the survey, it was revealed that about 70% of adult Americans were internet users. Though the United States is the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s leader in internet use, other countries around the world are quickly adapting the trend and the internet use has gained considerably. It is no wonder that e-communications are being incorporated as crucial in effecting behavioural and social changes within the society. Internet has disregarded geographical distances and separations in this new world order, as borders no longer have great impact on limiting peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s activities. People are encouraged to participate and contribute on different aspects which have drawn different experiences and pooled resources together. Actions and reactions have become instantaneous in cyberspace and this has made internet to be more gratifying and attractive. The resultant effect is that internet has impacted our society in almost all areas of human endeavours. The problem is that the impact has been both positive and negative and as such, caution has been advocated as a means in which citizens should approach the internet. In matters of communication, technological advancement has been experienced in immeasurable quantities. There have been tremendous developments in the mass media industry including TV, radio, newspapers, telephone and wireless gadgets that have facilitated the communication between individuals. Advance research has led to development of space technologies and satellites which are used for communication thereby adding to the sophistication of the industry. The geographical distance between individuals is no longer an issue as the technology has come to fill the gap. The Impacts of the internet and mass media on the society: It is a matter of fact that easy access to the internet, which includes the availability of personal computers with rather cheap prices, introduction of reliable internet services and establishment of internet cafes has changed the nature of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s connection to each other in their social field. Physical proximity is no longer an essential in communicating to one another face to face. Technology has made it easier for rapid connections across long distances and people are now in a position to write electronic mails that are transmitted virtually immediately throughout the globe. Eskicumali argues that there are various aspects of the lives of individuals, especially the young people which have been altered by the internet. The basic nature of their relationships with one another has been greatly influenced by the internet. This is due to the reason that there has been a global diffusion of information and communication technologies that has expanded the domain of Ã¢â¬Ëabsent presenceÃ¢â¬â¢ which in turn has resulted to an erosion of face to face community centred relationships. The internet has created new type of social relations and virtual communities that has not been formed ever since. These virtual communities are social network of individuals who interact through specific media, and potentially crossing geographical and political boundaries, so as to pursue mutual goals and interests. The internet has also impacted the social system in form of communication. There is diversity in the internet-mediated communication which is displayed in different sectors such as politics, art, family, and mass media among others. It has become the bearer of different kinds of communication. This is due to several features of internetÃ¢â¬â¢s technical and textual structure which has promised to have a crucial impact on communication. Technology is said to be providing a link between individuals located at different parts of the world but at the same time, it can be argued that the same technology is creating enclaves for these same individuals. The use of technology can lead to situations whereby individuals find themselves glued to the use of modern technology and having little or no time to spend with others. The internet in particular has led to the development of social network sites which alienates individuals from socializing with their close friends and relatives as they are glued to chat-rooms with Ã¢â¬ËdistantÃ¢â¬â¢ friends. Interpersonal Communication: Technology can be used to either enhance or inhibit any given aspect of human life. It is however the interpersonal communication that would feel the effects of technology first. Historically, the modes of communication have been changing over time in line with the evolution of the society. People dispersed in various parts of the world and verbal communication was altered to letter writing so as ensure that there was communication. Individuals came with inventions on how to carry out the conversation as well as written communication amongst two members that were geographically apart. The telephone came up and most individuals thought that now the other forms of communication would become obsolete. With family and friends relocating to different parts of the globe, the telephone technology came in as a blessing in ensuring that family and friends could still stay in touch irrespective of the geographical barriers. The advent of computers has simplified communication even further by bringing to the forefront the concept of instant messaging between individuals who are millions of miles apart. Ã It should be noted that any advancement of technology in communication does not replace the existing one as each is capable of surviving by its own rules providing various options to the individuals. The impact of technology on the interpersonal communication has also come with its demerits. Individuals have tended to side with the use of technology in communicating hence loosing on the Ã¢â¬Ëpersonal touchÃ¢â¬â¢ which is very essential in the communication process. Technology has provided room for individuals to loose the art of effective communication which can only be realized through face to face communication. This is accomplished by body language, eye contact, and any other observable feature when communicating. Social cowards are able to hide behind technology to air their disagreements as the technology offers some sort of false sense of security and ambiguity. Conclusion: The advancement in technology is often meant to better the lives of human beings. Nevertheless, the impacts of technological advancement come in two folds Ã¢â¬â advantages and disadvantages. What is important though is to look at the differences between the advantages and the disadvantages in order to evaluate the net effect of the technology on human society. The advancement that has been made in the communication sector is great and has had far reaching impacts on the society in general. The internet in particular has led to critical impacts in the sharing of information as well as reducing the world into a global village where communication becomes instantaneous irrespective of the geographical distance between the communicating parties. With advancement in technology, interpersonal communication has been greatly affected since individuals have turned to the Ã¢â¬ËfacelessÃ¢â¬â¢ technology to communicate. This has had its merits and demerits. Though technology has eased the communication, the effectiveness of the communication has greatly been hampered. Though technology has two sides just like any other issue that may come up in the society, its merits especially in the communication sector are greater than the associated disadvantages. Technology is here to stay and it is bound to influence virtually all aspects of our lives. The internet for instance is ubiquitous in everyday life and its impacts are far from over given that technology is usually cumulative. Bibliography: Bergschneider, Veronica. TechnologyÃ¢â¬â¢s influence on interpersonal communication, (2010). Retrieved on 20th May 2010 from; http://www.helium.com/items/1567920-technology-for-communicating Eskicumali, Ahmet. The Effects of Internet Cafes on Social Change in Turkey: The Case of Hendek. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, (2010). vol.9, no. 2, pp. 1-9 Friedenfels, Roxanne. Social Change: An Anthology. Rowman Littlefield. ISBN 1882289595, 9781882289592, (1998). Kedem, Carmella. The Social Impact of the Internet on Our Society, (1999), Retrieved on 20th May 2010 from; http://www.math.umd.edu/~bnk/CAR/project.htm Lin, Carolyn, A. David J. Atkin. Communication technology and social change: theory and implications. Routledge. ISBN 0805856137, 9780805856132, (2007). Schiavo, Renata. The rise of e-health: Current trends and topics on online health communications, Journal of Medical Marketing (2008). Vol 8, pp 9-18. Westwood, Douglass. Impact of Technology Change. (2010). Retrieved on 20th May 2010 from; http://www.sociologyguide.com/social-change/impact-of-technology-change.php.  Renata Schiavo. The rise of e-health: Current trends and topics on online health communications, Journal of Medical Marketing (2008). Vol 8, p 10  Ibid p 11  Carmella Kedem. The Social Impact of the Internet on Our Society, (1999), Retrieved on 20th May 2010 from; http://www.math.umd.edu/~bnk/CAR/project.htm para 1  Douglass Westwood. Impact of Technology Change, (2010). Retrieved on 20th May 2010 from; http://www.sociologyguide.com/social-change/impact-of-technology-change.php. para 4  Ahmet Eskicumali. The Effects of Internet Cafes on Social Change in Turkey: The Case of Hendek. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, (2010). vol.9, no. 2, p 2  Ibid p 6  Carolyn A. Lin David J. Atkin. Communication technology and social change: theory and implications. Routledge. ISBN 0805856137, 9780805856132, (2007) p 175.  Roxanne Friedenfels. Social Change: An Anthology. Rowman Littlefield. ISBN 1882289595, 9781882289592, (1998) p 65  Ahmet Eskicumali. The Effects of Internet Cafes on Social Change in Turkey: The Case of Hendek. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, (2010). vol.9, no. 2, p 7  Carolyn A. Lin David J. Atkin. Communication technology and social change: theory and implications. Routledge. ISBN 0805856137,Ã (2007) p 190.  Veronica Bergschneider. TechnologyÃ¢â¬â¢s influence on interpersonal communication, (2010). Retrieved on 20th May 2010 from; http://www.helium.com/items/1567920-technology-for-communicating para 3  Carolyn A. Lin David J. Atkin. Communication technology and social change: theory and implications. Routledge. ISBN 0805856137, 9780805856132, (2007) p 236 How to cite Technology and Its Impacts on Society, Essay examples
Question: Discuss about the Preserving Identity and Planning for Advance Care. Answer: Introduction: Person centred care is recently practiced by large number of healthcare professionals due to the evidences of its success in recent researches. While treating dementia, its effectiveness has been already proved in tailoring a patients care according to their interests, abilities, personality and history. Patient centred care helps such a patient by treating him with dignity and respect. It also helps in visualising a situation from the patients point of view and also involves understanding of the culture, lifestyle, history and personal preferences like their hobbies, interests and others (Swartz et al. 2014). It also helps the patients in engaging in conversation with families and friends. It also ensures that the person can take part in regular activities and try new things (Reuben et al. 2013). This results in maintaining a quality life by the patients even while suffering from dementia. This essay will contain a brief reflection of a conversation with a dementia patient and the o bservation swill be backed up by conclusions from literatures. It will also discuss the person centred approach that would help such patient so that they can have better lives. While communicating with the old patient suffering from dementia and living his life in the community healthcare setting, I realised that more than medical treatment of the patient they need love, care and affection. This is because more than physical complicacy, they suffer from emotional breakdown mainly due to different barriers they face in everyday activities. I noticed that his biggest issue was his short term memory loss that has affected his relationship with not only his family but also with friends. Often he was finding difficulty in finding the right words in expressing himself. I also noticed that he was also having frequent changes of mood, he also had grown apathy in his hobbies of performing arts, practicing his singing skills and others. He had also been apathetic towards his family and friends. While conducting the session, I also observed that he had difficulty in doing regular activities like eating, drinking, going to toilet and others. He was always getting confu sed about what he had to say or do in order to express himself. He was being repetitive in his words and was failing miserably to link his situations. From his words, I understood he was struggling enough to adapt to his new changes. From the entire discussion I came to understand, that such a patient can never be treated with the physician medication- biomedical model of treatment. His treatment should be customised according to his needs so that he can develop the conduction of his life, it can only be achieved by person centred care. Perke et al. ( 2016) had conducted experiments in order to show the effectivity of person centred care in treatment of patients with dementia. He had suggested self empowerment tool to be more effective in reducing unintentional harm than traditional practices in emergency department in hospitals. Self empowerment, advocacy and communication tools act as better support for reducing the communication gaps that traditional treatment have. They have also supported that better information sharing reduced the chances of unintentional harm of the patient. Knowledge about person likes and disliking reduces the potential of unmet need of the patient and prevents functional loss. Researchers like Down and Murna have also conducted various systematic review in 2013 which had helped them to get over the debate about the success rate of person centred care. They have suggested that development of communication skill by the carers is very important. They also paid significance to principles like respect, dignity, learning life story, individualistic activities yield better result. They suggested that often being sensitive to an individuals religious beliefs, spiritual needs and cultural identity helps to provide better result in person centred treatment. Focusing on quality of life of the patient and setting a benchmark for acquiring high quality relationship with patient should be practiced by carers. Stranz and Sorensdotter had conducted an observational and interview studies in 2016 where it was seen that the environment of the nursing care centres are also important for providing the best care for patients. They compared two hospitals where it was seen that different environments proposed different styles of person centred care. One of them paid importance to shrinking world issue of patients and therefore stimulation technique was proposed. In the other, carers tackled agitation and anxiety with calmness and quiet environments. Therefore it urged the necessity of a nat ional policy by the government in person centred approach to dementia care. Doyle and Rubinstein conducted an observational study in a nursing home in 2014 which stated that cultural complicacies mainly acted as a barrier that prevented person centred care to be practices in case of dementia patients. The nursing aids mainly created an environment of us versus them with the patients. This was mainly because the staff members promoted the concept of othering because their focus was based on biomedical aspects of dementia. Besides, functional decline and aggression were other factors. They also viewed the patients behaviours as problems which impaired their nurturing relationships. Thereby scientists recommended engaging the patients and training the nurse in best way possible can help in establishing a person centred approach in treatment of dementia. Wheeler and Jan. in 2010 have conducted researches where they have said that staffs first need to empower patients, spend time with them by interacting with them, and know the residents individually and others. They should engage patients and work as a team with other managers, carers and others so that patient feel included within the environment. They should also understand the importance of family in care plans and keep them inform ed through communication. Desai et al. had conducted a systematic review along with systematic reviews on treating aggression in dementia patient. He had suggested interventions like pet therapy, music therapy, exercise and others beside effective communication and creating proper relationship between patient and caregiver. Various literatures in the above section have thereby had placed person centred care as the most important approach for the treatment of dementia in old patients. They have stated that a proper environment is necessary in dementia care setting or in homes (Kruger et al. 2016). Important principles like effective communication, information gathering, relationship building, maintaining dignity and respect of patients and other will provide fruitful results. Besides, attending the spiritual and emotional needs of the dementia affected people is also very important as they tend to be affected due to the social exclusion that they experience when they get affected by dementia. Different therapies like pet therapy, music therapy and art therapy are also helpful (Hilgeman et al. 2014). Cultural and educational barriers should be overcome by caregivers through proper training and right morals and ethical virtues. Patient centred care assures that aggression gets reduced in dementia which is the most harmful effect for both patients and caregivers (Jennings et al. 2016). It is also found that it is highly important for the government to promote the concept of person centred healthcare among different organisations. To achieve this successfully, a proper national policy should be introduced. This would be helpful to the different healthcare professions as the guidelines will act as consort which they will follow in their practices (Constand et al. 2014). Person centred approach to old people suffering from diseases like dementia have provided best results in treatment success. It has been found that the principles of patent centred care like effective communication, information gathering, relationship building, maintaining dignity and respect of patients and other have been fruitful. A number of barriers like improper education of carer, cultural complicacies and many others often create interruptions in proper caring of patients. However, a caregiver have to overcome the barriers and provide the best evidence based patient centred caring to patients for giving them a better quality life and help them live well. References: Constand, M.K., MacDermid, J.C., Dal Bello-Haas, V. and Law, M., 2014. Scoping review of patient-centered care approaches in healthcare.BMC health services research,14(1), p.271. Desai, A., Wharton, T., Struble, L. and Blazek, M., 2017. Person-Centered Primary Care Strategies for Assessment of and Intervention for Aggressive Behaviors in Dementia.Journal of Gerontological Nursing,43(2), pp.9-17. Downs, M., 2013. Putting people-and compassion-first: the United Kingdom's approach to person-centered care for individuals with dementia.Generations,37(3), pp.53-59. Doyle, P.J. and Rubinstein, R.L., 2014. Person-centered dementia care and the cultural matrix of othering.The Gerontologist,54(6), pp.952-963. Hilgeman, M.M., Allen, R.S., Snow, A.L., Durkin, D.W., DeCoster, J. and Burgio, L., 2014. Preserving Identity and Planning for Advance Care (PIPAC): Preliminary outcomes from a patient-centered intervention for individuals with mild dementia.Aging mental health,18(4), pp.411-424. Jennings, L.A., Hays, R., Wenger, N., Ramirez, K. and Reuben, D.B., 2016. Identifying and Prioritizing Patient-centered Goals for Dementia Care.Journal of the American Geriatrics Society,64, p.S119. Krger, R., Hilker, R., Winkler, C., Lorrain, M., Hahne, M., Redecker, C., Lingor, P. and Jost, W.H., 2016. Advanced stages of PD: interventional therapies and related patient-centered care.Journal of Neural Transmission,123(1), pp.31-43. Parke, B., Hunter, K.F., Schulz, M.E. and Jouanne, L., 2016. Know meA new person-centered approach for dementia-friendly emergency department care.Dementia, p.1471301216675670. Reuben, D.B., Evertson, L.C., Wenger, N.S., Serrano, K., Chodosh, J., Ercoli, L. and Tan, Z.S., 2013. The University of California at Los Angeles Alzheimer's and Dementia Care Program for Comprehensive, Coordinated, Patient?Centered Care: Preliminary Data.Journal of the American Geriatrics Society,61(12), pp.2214-2218. Schwartz, D.B., DiTucci, A., Goldman, B., Gramigna, G.D. and Cummings, B., 2014. Achieving patient-centered care in a case of a patient with advanced dementia.Nutrition in Clinical Practice,29(4), pp.556-558. Stranz, A. and Srensdotter, R., 2016. Interpretations of person-centered dementia care: Same rhetoric, different practices? A comparative study of nursing homes in England and Sweden.Journal of Aging Studies,38, pp.70-80. Wheeler, N.L. and Oyebode, J.R., 2009. Dementia care 1: Person centred approaches help to promote effective communication.Nursing times,106(24), pp.18-21.
Sunday, May 3, 2020
Corte Ingles can be considered one of the most successfully world case in its sector of business nowadays. The expansion along the history until it becomes a leader in the Spanish market was impressive. El Corte Ingles is originally a department store opened in 1935 in Madrid, Spain. From 60Ã¢â¬â¢s, the shop starts its expansion in line with the department store concept into other cities of Spain, and then diversified its commercial activities in other business sectors, like travel agency and supermarket. In this text, I will try to make an international analysis of this particular company, El Corte Ingles, presenting all the steps studied in four parts: Demand analysis, Supply analysis, Industry structure, Strategic issues for the industry. 1. Demand analysis El Corte Ingles is the first group of Spanish distribution and one of the worlds leading department stores. In a traditional store, there are more than 10 departments, including Electronics, Informatics, Culture and Books, Sports Equipments, Fashion and Wearing, Kids Accessories, Toys, Home Furniture, Perfums and Fragrances and others. We will write a custom essay sample on El Corte Ingles Study Case or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In most of them, there are also a Coffee and Gourmet Shop, Travel Agency and Insurance Center. All of them are almost in a same place. The department stores are located in large urban centers, as Madrid, Barcelona, Seville, Bilbao and now in Lisbon. Their space is designed like a Shopping center with a great variety of products and services, distributed in a large, fashion and comfortable dimension (more than 2. 500m2) with 2 or more floors and escalators, to satisfy the customer. The company is located in Spain and Portugal, and plans to expand into other parts in Europe where concentrates 24% of the geographical distribution of consumption (FREIRE, 1998). El Corte Ingles uses modern commercial equipments that facilitates the staffÃ¢â¬â¢s work and accelerate time to their customers. The company also has a social concern doing the responsible consumption of resources, proper management of waste and public awareness. 2. Supply analysis Each season, more than a thousand brands and suppliers present the new trends and their proposals to El Corte Ingles. The best known national and international brands, in some cases exclusively for El Corte Ingles, as well as the sign of many designers make El Corte Ingles an interesting place with variety of offer, the dimension of space and product quality. The Group maintains with its suppliers a strong partnership whose the goal is to guarantee to customers, and society as a whole, respect for ethical principles of the internal operations of businesses, products processing and environmental protection. In its policy of linkage with society, the group maintains relationship with all kinds of social organizations (NGOs, consumer groups, employers, public and private institutions, etc. ). 3. Industry structure El Corte Ingles, since more than 70 years of experience, has maintained a policy of customer service and a constant interest in adapted to the tastes and needs that society demands. The company sales culture at El Corte Ingles is based on quality, service, diversification, specialization and guarantee, like its motto: Ã¢â¬Å"If youÃ¢â¬â¢re not satisfied, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll refund you your moneyÃ¢â¬ . Experts say that ECIÃ¢â¬â¢s key success factors might be due to: product diversity in one unique space, local distributors for brand and national products, group distributors for group brands, sales area promotions (advertising campaigns), satisfaction guarantees, excellence in sales service, customer cards, etc. The group has pursued a strategy of diversification along with a policy of specialization that it has resulted in the creation of several commercial formats. Each of the chains respond to demands that requires a particular market segment: Hipercor, Opencor, Supercor, Sfera, Telecor, Bricor, Optica 2000. And they have also a Travel Agency, an Insurance, and a Financial company. All of them take together more than 109,000 employees. In most of case, the ECI Group buys a small company or few stores of a big one, change the name to start their activity in the new market, like the Hipercor S. A. that acquired 5 hypermarkets from the company Carrefour S. A, in 2001. A month later, the hypermarkets opened under the name of Hipercor. 4. Strategic issues for the industry According to the ECIÃ¢â¬â¢s president, there are three lines of work in closed future. First, continue to gamble on the department store complete, competitive, with specialty stores, with the sign of distinction of personalized service and security that have the best supply of similar establishments in Europe, secondly, to continue with their programs expansion, diversification, improvement and incorporation of the most prestigious brands, and third, to enforce the principles that have given the leadership of the Spanish market and which form the basis of trust and consumer satisfaction: best quality, service impeccable, complete range, specializing in the areas of sales and professionals, and full guarantee. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s Expansion Planning includes preparing itself to open a store in other parts of Europe, like in Rome.